Bio
Leo Horn
Born: 1916-08-29
Intl. since: 1951-01-01
Hometown: Bentveld
Country: Netherlands
Speaks:
Occupation: business man
Hobbies: horse riding, hunting

As a 6 year old Leo Horn played football on sundays on a field on which his dad let his cows graze during the week. At 17 his knee injury was bad enough for him to stop playing and start a career as a referee. In 1938 he became a KNVB referee. Horn held a FIFA badge between 1951 and 1966. He died in 1995.

matches

Horn took charge of three matches in the 1962 World Cup and was a lines man (together with Davidson) in the final. He was the ref in the legendary match in 1953 when England lost their first ever home match (against Hungary 3-6). He twice took charge of a European Cup final ('57-'62) and also twice the final of the Copa Libertadores ('63, '64).

WW II

Being Jewish, the Horn family had to hide during the German occupation of the Netherlands in WW II. Leo and his older brother joined the resistance. Leo Horn took on the alias of "doctor Van Dongen". He provided shelters for people who had to hide and even took part in a raid on a weapons depot in the centre of Amsterdam. In broad daylight. His brother died in a camp.

more

After the war Leo Horn became a successful business man owning a chain of 16 shops selling cloth. Still somewhat in the resistance, he was outspoken against for instance FIFA, which may have cost him a place in the 1966 World Cup finals. He was very strict and authoritarian. He took charge of more than 1500 matches in the Netherlands, and 133 internationally.

Did you know
RESISTANCE

  • Leo Horn went to Chile to officiate at the 1962 World Cup finals. It came a bit of a shock to the fairly rich businessman when he found out he had to share his hotel room in Santiago with referees Ken Aston and Robert Davidson. The Englishman Aston even snored and Horn laid awake listening to him.

    In Arica, for the quarter-final, Horn shared a room with Czechoslovakian ref Karol Galba.

    The day after he arrived Horn managed to get hold of the list of designated referees. He shared it with his colleagues in his hotel, long before they were supposed to know their matches.

    The balls, made in Chile, that they were going to use were not good enough according to the refs. The balls scaled and would become too heavy in the rain. FIFA decided to use them anyway but if necessary replace them with Swedish balls. Against the rules in those days because a game had to end with the same ball as the one it started with.

    In his book Horn describes the Chileans as nice and friendly, even pious people until they enter the stadium, then they turn into devils, throwing abuses and bottles and fighting amongst each other, even the women.

  • Lots of stories survive Leo Horn, some true, some maybe true.
  • Leo Horn, impatiently, once took a corner shot himself, because the player took too long. He once stopped play to applaud a great action by a player (Eusebio, EC final Benfica- Real Madrid, 1962), he has slapped a supporter who had criticized him and kicked Willem van Hanegem (Feyenoord) in the butt.
  • In a 1966 match in Leeds between Leeds United and Valencia, Horn sent off both teams to have them come back fifteen minutes later to resume play. Jackie Charlton and Francisco Vidagany, however, never came back on the field, having been sent off by the ref.
  • Horn was the first referee to wear a shirt that wasn't black. Being a textile man he was fashion conscious and said that referees should always look sharp.
  • He once sent a letter to FIFA arguing that referees were not respected enough by the international football authorities. For instance he demanded 5 star hotels.
  • As an avid hunter Leo Horn once shot a domestic cat belonging to the children of a nearby farm. He claimed the animal was wild and happened to jump in front of his rifle.
    The incident was all over the papers and for a long time audiences made cat noises whenever he appeared on a field.
  • In a match against Switzerland, Uruguayan player Miguez refused to leave the field. The Uruguayan ambassador to Switzerland tried a helping hand convincing the player to obey, but still Miguez stayed and started threatening Horn. Then two Uruguayan coaches came, hit Miguez and dragged him off. During the dinner after the match the president of the Uruguay Football Federation told Horn he had been the first ever referee who had dared to send off the (in)famous player.
  • They must have liked him (and his style) because three times Leo Horn took charge of an England - Scotland match for the British Home Championships. Matches with more than a 100.000 spectators.
    They liked him in South America as well. Not only did he take charge of the final (actually a final play-off since both teams had won a leg) of the Copa Libertadores Santos - Penarol, he also got an offer from Uruguay to come to referee over there. They had professional referees in Uruguay and Horn could have made a lot of money (his words), but not as much as he did with his business.
  • Horn once lead a match on horseback. A match between local journalists. His horse was called Midas and Horn considered him a son and wrote a whole chapter in his book about his love for that horse just to show animal lovers who criticized him for his prolific hunting (and the shooting a a domestic cat), that he was a real animal lover himself.
  • Horn served as a liaison for Ajax for visiting referees. Often he took them to a sex cub called Yab Yum (now closed by the mayor) the night before the match. (see Antonio Sbardella)



Statistics
Statistics for LEO HORN
Totals Home Away Total
Penalties 3 3 6
Fouls 0 0 0
Yellow 0 0 0
YellowRed 0 0 0
Red 1 0 1
Averages Home Away Total
Penalties 0.05 0.05 0.05
Fouls 0 0 0
Yellow 0 0 0
YellowRed 0 0 0
Red 0.02 0 0.01

Based on 57 international matches

Matches
MATCHES FOR LEO HORN
Date Score Yellow Red Penalties Fouls
Fairs Cup 1965 - 1966
3rd roundLeeds UnitedValencia1966-02-021 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
WC 1966 qualifiers - Europe
PortugalCzechoslovakia1965-10-310 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1965-1966
preliminary roundDrumcondraVorwärts Berlin1965-09-151 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup2 1964 - 1965
1/2 finalsReal ZaragozaWest Ham United1965-04-281 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1964-1965
1st roundGlasgow RangersRapid Wien1964-11-181 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
preliminary roundShamrock RoversRapid Wien1964-09-300 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Copa Libertadores 1964
final (1st leg)Nacional (UR)Independiente1964-08-060 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Copa de las Naciones
ArgentinaEngland1964-06-061 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
British Championship
ScotlandEngland1964-04-111 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
EnglandScotland1963-04-061 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)1 (0-1)0 (0-0)
ScotlandEngland1962-04-142 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
friendly
SwedenGermany FR1963-11-032 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
IsraelBrazil1963-05-190 - 5 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
EnglandBrazil1963-05-081 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Germany FRUruguay1962-04-113 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
DenmarkGreece1960-07-037 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
SwitzerlandChile1960-04-064 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
IsraelPoland1959-11-291 - 1 0 (0-0)1 (1-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
IsraelFrance1957-10-084 - 5 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
HungaryFrance1957-10-062 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
SwitzerlandItaly1956-11-111 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
BelgiumHungary1956-06-035 - 4 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)1 (1-0)0 (0-0)
SwedenEngland1956-05-160 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
SaarlandSwitzerland1956-05-011 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
ScotlandHungary1954-12-082 - 4 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
SwedenAustria1954-10-312 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
HungarySwitzerland1954-10-103 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
AustriaYugolsavia1954-10-032 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
WalesYugolsavia1954-09-221 - 3 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
SwitzerlandUruguay1954-05-233 - 3 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
EnglandHungary1953-11-253 - 6 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
EnglandBelgium1952-11-265 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
BelgiumLuxembourg1951-11-252 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup2 1963 - 1964
preliminariesShelbourneBarcelona1963-09-240 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup2 1962 - 1963
1/4 finalsTottenham HotspurSlovan Bratislava1963-03-146 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Copa Libertadores 1962
final (play-off)PeñarolSantos FC1962-08-300 - 3 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
WC 1962
1/4 finalsChileSoviet Union1962-06-102 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
group stageGermany FRSwitzerland1962-06-032 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
group stageHungaryEngland1962-05-312 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)1 (0-1)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1961-1962
finalBenficaReal Madrid1962-05-025 - 3 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
1/4 finalsGlasgow RangersStandard1962-02-142 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)1 (1-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup2 1961 - 1962
preliminariesMotor JenaSwansea City1961-10-185 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Fairs Cup 1961 - 1962
West Berlin XIBarcelona1961-09-201 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
WC 1962 qualifiers - Europe
SpainWales1961-05-181 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
Northern IrelandGermany FR1960-10-263 - 4 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1960-1961
preliminary roundLegia WarszawaAarhus GF1960-10-051 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1958-1959
1/4 finalsYoung BoysWismut SC1959-04-013 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)1 (0-1)0 (0-0)
1/4 finalsSchalke 04Atlético de Madrid1959-03-181 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
1st round (play-off)Schalke 04Kobenhavn1958-10-013 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
preliminaries (play-off)Schalke 04KB1958-10-013 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1956-1957
finalReal MadridFiorentina1957-05-302 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)1 (1-0)0 (0-0)
1/2 finalsReal MadridManchester United1957-04-113 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
1st roundManchester UnitedDortmund1956-10-173 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
preliminariesAnderlechtManchester United1956-09-120 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
European Cup 1955-1956
1/4 finalsAC MilanRapid Wien1956-02-127 - 2 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
WC 1954 qualifiers - Europe
ItalyEgypt1954-01-245 - 1 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)
SaarlandNorway1953-11-080 - 0 0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)